New EU Sanctions Package on Belarus: Technology and Service Prohibitions

The Council of the European Union continues to intensify sanctions against Belarus in response to its involvement in Russia’s aggression against Ukraine. On June 29, 2024, the Council adopted a new regulation (2024/1865) that significantly expands the existing restrictions. This decision aims to further pressure the Belarusian government and limit its economic capabilities.

Expanded List of Prohibited Goods and Technologies

The new regulation greatly expands the list of goods and technologies that cannot be exported to Belarus. It includes dual-use products and technologies as well as advanced goods and technologies that could enhance Belarus’s industrial potential. A ban on the transit of such goods and technologies through Belarusian territory from the EU has also been introduced. Additionally, restrictions on exporting goods and technologies that could be used in the aerospace and defense industries have been imposed.

Ban on Import and Transit of Mineral Resources and Precious Stones

Particular attention has been paid to the ban on the import, purchase, and transfer of diamonds from Belarus, including both natural and synthetic diamonds, as well as jewelry containing these stones. The import ban on mineral products, including crude oil, has been expanded, and a new ban on exporting goods and technologies suitable for use in oil refining and liquefied natural gas production has been introduced. Transit bans through Belarus also cover gold and other precious metals.

Restrictions on Services and Financial Activities

A range of services to Belarus has been prohibited, including accounting, auditing, tax consulting, public relations, architectural, engineering, IT consulting, and legal advisory services. Marketing and advertising services, market research, and technical testing services are also banned. These measures aim to limit Belarus’s ability to use international services to circumvent sanctions and improve its economic situation.

Expected Effects and Reactions

Regulation 2024/1865 aims to further weaken the Belarusian economy, restrict its military and technological capabilities, and pressure its government to change its policies. Export and import restrictions, financial limitations, and service bans aim to create significant economic obstacles for Belarus.

The EU continues to monitor the situation and assess the effectiveness of the implemented measures. The European Commission will analyze trade data and export statistics to detect attempts to circumvent sanctions and, if necessary, take additional actions.

Prospects and Future Steps

If new threats or attempts to circumvent sanctions are identified, the EU Council is prepared to respond swiftly and tighten measures. New sanctions may include additional export and import bans, financial restrictions, and other actions to support security and stability in the region.

The EU remains committed to supporting Ukraine in its fight against aggression and to strengthening the international coalition to counter Russia’s and its allies’ aggressive actions. The introduction of new sanctions against Belarus is part of the EU’s broader strategy to support peace, security, and stability in Europe and beyond.

The new EU Council regulation (2024/1865) is an important step toward increasing pressure on Belarus. The expansion of sanctions aims to limit Belarus’s economic capabilities and industrial potential, as well as prevent the circumvention of previously imposed measures. The EU demonstrates its commitment to supporting Ukraine and its readiness to take further actions if necessary.